The criticism has been made that Sophocles was a superb artist and nothing more; he grappled neither with religious problems as Aeschylus had nor with intellectual ones as Euripides had done. For this unsavory incarnation of Odysseus, the ends do justify the means: Leave a Comment Welcome viewers.
It was not until after the death of the old master Aeschylus in BC that Sophocles became the pre-eminent playwright in Athens. Enotes says it best: Dramatic and literary achievements Ancient authorities credit Sophocles with several major and minor dramatic innovations.
In one of his last plays, Oedipus at Colonushe still affectionately praises both his own birthplace and the great city itself.
The crafty Odysseus is given the task of fetching Philoctetes by any means possible. The tragedy tells the story of the second siege of Thebes.
He continues to break Neoptolemus down, peeling back his layers one by one until the latter is stripped of his moral principles and ultimately relegated to compliance.
By the same token, Odysseus demonstrates his quick wit when he tricks the Cyclops in order to cover his tracks: Sophocles also subjects one of the main characters of his play to this role reversal effect, but as expected, the results differ greatly from what Euripides has shown in his play.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The biggest differences between the two versions of Electra, are found within the characters and their development. He is mainly theological. The scope of the dramatic conflict was thereby extended, plots could be more fluid, and situations could be more complex.
At the end of the play, order is restored. Throughout classical literature, the different depictions of Odysseus range widely: What ideals does God or the gods wish us to live by. In total, Sophocles wrote dramas for the festivals. Furthermore, Creon kidnaps the daughters of Oedipus in an attempt to force him to help Eteocles win.
His plays still have the Chorus front and center, as protagonists. Sophocles won perhaps as many as 24 victories, compared to 13 for Aeschylus and four for Euripides, and indeed he may have never received lower than second place in the competitions he entered.
Nor were they composed as a trilogy — a group of plays to be performed together, but are the remaining parts of three different groups of plays. Odysseus is deftly portrayed as being self-serving and greedy, as he belabors the importance of telling a lie for the sake of self-aggrandizement and ingratiating himself with the gods and his fellow men.
Euripides is the most modern of the three.
Enough of the play survives to give an impression of its style; it is a genial, uncomplicated travesty of the tragic manner, and the antics of the chorus were apparently the chief source of amusement.
His plays focus on strong women Antigone. Although these two great epic poems of ancient Greece have always been attributed to this mysterious figure, little is known of him beyond the fact that his was the name attached to the poems by the ancient Greeks themselves.
When he realized his sins were the source of the plague in Thebes, Oedipus gouged his own eyes; a more realistic Oedipus would have simply left the city in exile, but Sophocles ideal tragic hero must rise above and beyond what the common man would do.
He arrives at a sacred grove at Colonus, a village close by Athens and the home of Sophocles himself. The characters, Electra and Orestes, must reunite to avenge their fathers murder.
Thus the stage is set for horror. Also, when he complains to Polyneices of all that he has been made to suffer because of his exile, he ends his list of complaints by saying I may not weep, I must put up with it Oedipus at Colonusthus portraying Oedipus as a pious man who has accepted the will of the gods.
Furthermore, the manner in which Euripides portrays the characters in his plays adheres to a level of psychology unprecedented in his time, thus portraying men as they really are. He is half-traditional and half-modern. A supernatural appearance by Heracles then convinces Philoctetes to go to Troy to both win victory and be healed of his disease.
Furthermore, Creon kidnaps the daughters of Oedipus in an attempt to force him to help Eteocles win. Another example of the high moral standards of Sophocles characters is Oedipus insistence on having the old man speak in front of everyone instead of keeping quiet as he wanted Oedpius Rex and this is representative of the concept that noble men hide nothing and keep everything out in the open.
Life[ edit ] A marble relief of a poet, perhaps Sophocles Sophocles, the son of Sophilus, was a wealthy member of the rural deme small community of Hippeios Colonus in Atticawhich was to become a setting for one of his plays, and he was probably born there.
Sophocles emphasizes that most people lack wisdom, and he presents truth in collision with ignorance, delusionand folly. - Euripides’ Electra is a tragedy that encourages readers to consider the problematic nature of humanity’s response to injustice: its quest to make fair that which is unfair, to correct unjust actions, and to mark the fragile border between what is ethically correct and morally wrong.
- Introduction: Since Sophocles and Euripides’s tragedies Electra and Orestes got so much success, name and received great critical acclaim they have been extensively approached and discussed in terms of characterization, themes, symbols, plot, incestuous love, demolition, betrayal and especially lamentation.
Comparison of Sophocles’ and Euripides’ portrayal of humanity Essay Sample.
The great poet Aristotle once said that Sophocles portrayed men as they ought to be while Euripides. Aeschylus is the most traditional of the three. He expanded the role of the cast, from one actor to two. His plays still have the Chorus front and center, as protagonists.
Euripides, youngest of the three great Greek tragedians, was born c. BC though he was scarcely a generation younger than Sophocles, his world view better reflects the political, social, and intellectual crises of late 5th-century Athens.
I want to as briefly as possible compare and contrast the two “founding fathers” of epic poetry, Homer and Hesiod. notably, Sophocles, Aeschylus, and Euripides; and Aristophanes.) Two of his epics are the clear distinction between Hesiod’s perspective on human life and the heroic ideal of Homer is most evident, and this indeed was.Comparison sophocles and euripides portrayal humanity soph