Rights of nature ecuador and bolivia

The lawsuit was filed against the local government near Rio Vilcabamba in Marchwho were responsible for a road expansion project that dumped debris into the river, narrowing its width and thereby doubling its speed. The project was also done without the completion of an environmental impact assessment or consent of the local residents.

To the diversity of life: Change must begin somewhere, sometime; perhaps Bolivia is inventing the social model and role of governance that will demonstrate how globally we can transcend the divisions and conflicts, beyond the destruction and despair that we feel, toward an harmonious, effective, efficient, and equitable society connected by the true value of nature as sustainer.

Nature shall be the subject of those rights that the Constitution recognizes for it. These funds would be used to fund other economic initiatives to alleviate poverty and develop the renewable energy sector. Develop balanced forms of production and patterns of consumption to satisfy the needs of the Bolivian people to live well, while safeguarding the regenerative capacity and integrity of the cycles, processes and vital balance of Mother Earth.

Ecuador adopts Rights of Nature in Constitution

Instead of treating the Earth and all nonhuman life as a collection of objects, we must recognize a community of subjects. The right to maintenance or restoration of the interrelationship, interdependence, complementarity and functionality of the components of Mother Earth in a balanced way for the continuation of their cycles and reproduction of their vital processes.

In both countries, extractive industries continue to expand into indigenous territory, pursuing oil in Ecuador and mining in Bolivia. Demand international recognition of environmental debt through the financing and transfer of clean technologies that are effective and compatible with the rights of Mother Earth, among other mechanisms.

There are those who call this "progress". Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects. Neither living systems nor processes that sustain them may be commercialized, nor serve anyone's private property. But even this might not be far enough. The right to preserve the quality and composition of air for sustaining living systems and its protection from pollution, for the reproduction of the life of Mother Earth and all its components.

But this moves forward nonetheless, as an endeavor initiated and supported by Bolivian political groups representing some three million voters, is on its way to finalization and implementation as national law, supported by the local and national government, with an already existing ministry to implement revisions to the legal system and to continue the applicable programs already underway.

This differs from traditional systems that see nature as property, giving landowners the right to damage or destroy ecosystems that depend on their land. Its representatives in court were an American couple with riverfront property, who sued the provincial government of Lojaarguing that a planned road project would deposit large quantities of rock and excavation material into the river.

Controversially, it will also enshrine the right of nature "to not be affected by mega-infrastructure and development projects that affect the balance of ecosystems and the local inhabitant communities". This restoration shall be apart from the obligation of the State and natural persons or legal entities to compensate individuals and communities that depend on affected natural systems.

Looking toward the future, one can easily despair over the scale of change required, the intractability of vested interests and governments, and the human energy and imagination required to make any change for the better.

The Rights of Nature: Indigenous Philosophies Reframing Law

Persons, communities, peoples, nations and communities are bearers of rights and shall enjoy the rights guaranteed to them in the Constitution and in international instruments. Participate actively, individually or collectively, in generating proposals designed to respect and defend the rights of Mother Earth.

Exploiting and harming the rest of life is as perverse as if we thought we could enhance one part of our body by destroying the rest.

The binding principles that govern this law are: Margil and other members of the Defense Fund were invited as a result of their environmental litigation and legislative work with municipalities in the United States. Guarantee of the regeneration of Mother Earth.

Respect and defend the rights of Mother Earth. Nature has the right to be restored. This is the first constitution that has incorporated indigenous concepts of sumak kawsay and Pachamama, as well as recognized the plurinationality of Ecuador. We indigenous people can contribute to solving the energy, climate, food and financial crises with our values," he said.

The Plurinational State, at all levels and geographical areas and across all authorities and institutions, has the following duties: Around the world many people are coming to see the present world system as a form of suicidal madness.

The proceedings also confirmed that the burden of proof to show there is no damage lies with the defendant. Human activities, within the framework of plurality and diversity, should achieve a dynamic balance with the cycles and processes inherent in Mother Earth.

This Act is intended to recognize the rights of Mother Earth, and the obligations and duties of the Multinational State and society to ensure respect for these rights. But the abstract new laws are not expected to stop industry in its tracks. The State shall give incentives to natural persons and legal entities and to communities to protect nature and to promote respect for all the elements comprising an ecosystem.

The Bolivian economy does rely heavily on natural resource export activity, earning a significant part of its foreign exchange thereby. The importance of keeping the oil in the ITT area in the ground has been argued as of international importance to mitigate the effects of global climate change by preventing CO2 emissions and the local environmental devastation the extraction would cause.

The indigenous of the world are not a homogenous group that inherently cares for nature. In the indigenous philosophy, the Pachamama is a living being. We don't agree with all he says. Establishing the Office of Mother Earth, whose mission is to ensure the validity, promotion, distribution and compliance of the rights of Mother Earth established in this Act.

RIGHTS OF NATURE ECUADOR& BOLIVIA Cynthia Navarrete • Ecuador: President Rafael Correa • Bolivia: President Evo Morales • Ecuador and Bolivia are increasingly admired on the international scene for their opposition to U.S. interference in the democratic processes of the 21st-century.

Bolivia is set to pass the world's first laws granting all nature equal rights to humans. The Law of Mother Earth, now agreed by politicians.

Law of Mother Earth: A Vision From Bolivia

Is it possible to justify resource extractivism to provide progressive welfare politics and still respect the constitutional rights of nature? The Indigenous concept of Sumak Kawsay on human beings living in harmony with each other and the environment is the fundamental framing of the new constitutions of Ecuador and Bolivia.

Ecuador is the first country to recognize Rights of Nature in its Constitution. A great first step for humanity towards a change of paradigm! Ecuador rewrote its Constitution in and it was ratified by referendum by the people of Ecuador in September Ecuador’s approach to nature’s rights, which was soon emulated in Bolivia, were notable in two ways.

First, it grants nature positive rights – that is, rights to something specific. Today, CELDF’s International Center for the Rights of Nature is working in India, Nepal, Australia, Cameroon, Colombia, the United States, and other countries, assisting people, communities, and groups to advance the Rights of Nature.

InBolivia hosted the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth.

Rights of nature ecuador and bolivia
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LAW OF MOTHER EARTH - Complete Text